According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 20–33% of the world’s population has some form of chronic musculoskeletal pain, which is close to 1.75 billion people worldwide. Musculoskeletal pain is defined as acute or chronic pain that affects bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and even nerves and it comprises a number of different pain syndromes, which range from localized pain to neuropathic pain.

Chronic musculoskeletal pain increases suffering in daily activities, drug consumption, and high frequency of sick leave and disability pensions, and results in significantly diminished quality of life. It also poses a major public health problem, creating significant costs for healthcare systems and medical insurance.

In TAGS musculoskeletal disorder conservatively managed by Chiropractors, Physiotherapist and Occupational therapists by combining manual adjustment, therapeutic modalities and exercise in order to return the individual to normal function, decided based on the conditions severity.

Generally Musculoskeletal Disorder Are Categorized Into 3 Phases :

1. The acute phase addresses the clinical symptom complex and should focus on treating tissue injury. The goal at this stage should be to allow tissue healing while reducing pain and inflammation. Reestablishment of non-painful range of motion, prevention of muscle atrophy, symptom control and patient education about the condition should be accomplished prior to progressing to the next rehabilitation phase.

2. The subacute or recovery phase should focus on obtaining normal passive and active range of motion, improving muscle control, achieving normal muscle balance, and working on core strength as well as proprioception.

3. The functional or maintenance phase should focus on increasing power and endurance while improving neuromuscular control. Rehabilitation at this stage should work on the entire kinematic chain, addressing specific residual functional deficits. The individual should be pain free, exhibit full range of motion, normal strength, and muscle balance prior to returning to full activity.